Judgment at Nuremberg
United Artists / Roxlom, 1961 (BW, 190 minutes)
An American Judge at the Nuremberg war trials is faced with the issue of how much responsibility and guilt an individual must bear for crimes committed or condoned by him on the order of, and in the interest of, the
Judgment at Nuremberg is an unsettling account of the war crimes committed in Germany during World War II, especially in the concentration camps. The script is based on true events which actually unfolded at the Nuremberg trials when the world
first learned of the atrocities. The film also delves very deeply into the ethics of assigning war crimes responsibility to individuals, and contains actual footage from German concentration camps which is as disturbing today as it was in 1961.
Produced and Directed by: Stanley Kramer
Associate Producer: Philip Langner
Assistant Director: Ivan Volkman
Screenplay by: Abby Mann
Based on a television script by Abby Mann
Music: Ernest Gold
Production Design: Rudolph Sternad
Art Direction: Rudolph Sternad, George Milo
Costumes: Joe King
Gowns for Miss Dietrich by: Jean Louis
Sound: James Speak
Photography: Ernest Laszlo
Editor: Frederick Knudston
Judy's scenes filmed in March 1961 (she was 38 years old)
Released: December 1961
... Judge Dan Haywood
... Ernst Janning
... Colonel Ted Lawson
... Madame Bertholt
... Hans Rolfe
... Irene Hoffman
... Rudolph Peterson
... Captain Byers
... Senator Burkette
... Judge Kenneth Norris
... Emil Hahn
... General Merrin
... Werner Lammpe
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When Judy reported on the set to start working on her first real part since , the crew gave her a standing ovation.
Judy was nominated for an Academy Award for best supporting actress for her portrayal of Irene Hoffman, but the award went to Rita Moreno for her excellent work in .
Judgment at Nuremberg received numerous Academy Award nominations for 1961: nominated for Best Picture, awarded Best Actor (Maximilian Schell), nominated for Best Supporting Actor (Montgomery Clift), nominated for Best Supporting Actress (Judy
Garland), nominated for Best Direction (Stanley Kramer), awarded Best Screenplay based on material from another medium (Abby Mann), awarded Best Black and White Cinematography (Ernest Laszlo), awarded Best Set Decoration, black and white (Robert Sternad
and George Milo), awarded Best Film Editing (Frederick Knudston), awarded Best Costume Design, black and white (Jean Louis).
Judy was awarded the Golden Globe Cecil B. DeMille Award in 1962 for her "contribution to the entertainment industry throughout the years".
The film was cited by the New York Film Critics as one of the Ten Best Pictures of the Year.
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"[Stanley Kramer and Abby Mann] ... have ... a ...young hausfrau, whom Judy Garland makes amazingly real, tell a horrifying tale of trumped-up charges of "racial contamination" against an elderly Jew."
- Bosley Crowther, The New York Times, December 20, 1961
"Both Clift and Miss Garland bring great emotional force and conviction to their chores, he as a somewhat deranged victim of Nazi sterility measures, she as a German accused of relations with a Jew at a period when such an
activity was forbidden and punishable by death for the Jew."
- Variety, October 18, 1961